Minnesota State Academy for the Deaf

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2. Elementary » Mathematics

Mathematics

The elementary mathematics curriculum uses McGraw-Hill MyMath, a spiraling curriculum the follows Minnesota State Standards. Through the use of literature, communication, print and digital formats, students are exposed to a hands-on approach to real-world problem solving. In making instruction interactive and engaging, students are able to connect their learning to skills they need in everyday life. 

The concepts taught at the elementary level include numbers and operations, algebra, geometry and measurement, and data analysis. 

Numbers and Operations
Numbers and operations addresses understanding the relationship between quantities and whole numbers, learning and applying addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to real world math problems.  It also includes comparing numbers to increasingly larger place values including both whole numbers and fractions and decimals.

Algebra
At the early ages, algebra starts with recognizing and extending patterns.  Students go on to learn to use number sentences to solve equations using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division and use input-output models to solve problems recognizing and applying patterns of change.  Older students learn to write equivalent numerical descriptions.

Geometry and Measurement
Geometry starts with learning basic shapes, then two and three dimensional shapes, and creating models of real world objects.  Shapes can be compared, ordered, and described based on their characteristics.  Students learn to find symmetry in shapes and congruency.  Students learn to measure length as a tool for solving mathematical problems.    Advanced topics include learning about and understanding perimeter, angles, area, and volume.  Students learn to count money and use it in real world equations.

Data Analysis
Data analysis includes the collection, organization, and interpretation of data.   Students learn to understand and create graphs and diagrams including bar graphs, line graphs, pictographs, timelines, and Venn diagrams.  Students learn to interpret the data finding the range, median, mode, and average.   Data analysis allows the student to organize and display information from the world around them.